Country list
Sri Lanka List (Country List) of bird species

Version 2. May 2020

The Sri Lanka List of bird species (the Country List of bird species for Sri Lanka) is compiled by the Ceylon Bird Club (CBC). Its basis is explained in The Avifauna of Sri Lanka: An overview of the current status, 2009, D. Warakagoda and U. Sirivardana, Taprobanica. Vol. 1 (1), pp. 28-35, and the section ‘The CBCRRC List Categories’ in the document ‘The Ceylon Bird Club Rarities and Records Committee’.

The current List records 459 species of birds of which 242 breed in the country. A number of further species is under evaluation by the Ceylon Bird Club Rarities and Records Committee (CBCRRC), and those ratified will be added to the list.

The species added to this list since the last version (September 2011) are those ratified by the CBCRRC since that time to December 2018.

The classification, taxonomy and sequence followed in this List conform to Birds of South Asia: the Ripley Guide, Vols. 1 and 2, Second Edition (2012) P. C. Rasmussen and J. C. Anderton, and the revision to species status of Dinopium psarodes in Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World, Vol.1 (2014) J. del Hoyo and N. J. Collar.

The listing is to species level, giving the binomen of each species, except that when two or more subspecies occurring within Sri Lanka are conspicuously distinct in plumage from each other these are listed, with their trinomina.

The common or English names given first are those chosen by the CBC Bird Names Committee in 2008 and 2011 for use by the CBC, and the alternatives (with a ‘/’ before each) are those in popular guide books for the country and the region, and a recent world checklist, which are indicated by superscripts as shown below. English names for bird Families are those of the group/s of species which occur in the country.

1 Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Vols 1 and 2. Second edition (2012). P. C. Rasmussen and J. C. Anderton.
2 Birds of Sri Lanka (2012) D. Warakagoda, C. Inskipp, T. Inskipp and R. Grimmett
3 Birds of the Indian Subcontinent (2011) R. Grimmett, C. Inskipp and T. Inskipp.
4 A Field Guide to the Birds of Sri Lanka Second edition (2011) J. Harrison and T. Worfolk.
5 HBW & BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World Vols. 1 and 2 (2014 and 2016) J. del Hoyo and N. Collar.

Status of species and subspecies is given in accordance with the information known of their occurrence in the country including its coastal waters. The status of species migrant to the country is divided into ’migrant’ and ‘vagrant’ as explained below. Two status codes for a species (with ‘+’ between) indicate that a population of each status occurs in the country. The codes used are as follows.

E:
the species is endemic to Sri Lanka.
R:
the species or subspecies is a breeding resident in Sri Lanka, i.e. resident in the country throughout or (as mainly in the case of seabirds) part of the year.
M:
the species or subspecies is a regular migrant, which may be a common, fairly common, rare or very rare migrant, to Sri Lanka.
V:
the species or subspecies is a vagrant to Sri Lanka, i.e. the country is outside its usual wintering range, it occurs irregularly and in small numbers.
U:
the status of the species or subspecies in Sri Lanka is uncertain.
():
(with a status code) the status shown is appropriate but not possible to clearly resolve on the infor­mation presently available.
? :
(against a status code) the number of birds so far recorded in the country and/or the frequency of occurrence is uncertain (as relevant to that status).


Download the List here

    GREBES PODICIPEDIDAE

  • Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis                                            R
  • PETRELS AND SHEARWATERS PROCELLARIIDAE

  • Cape Petrel Daption capense                                                   V
  • Barau's Petrel Pterodroma baraui                                             M
  • Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii                                            M
  • Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax                                             M
  • Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas                                   V
  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacifica                                      M
  • Flesh-footed Shearwater Ardenna carneipes                            M
  • Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea                                               V
  • Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris                        V
  • SOUTHERN STORM PETRELS OCEANITIDAE

  • Wilson's Storm Petrel Oceanites oceanicus                                      M
    / Wilson's Storm-petrel1,2,3,4,5
  • White-faced Storm Petrel Pelagodroma marina                            M
    / White-faced Storm-petrel1,2,3,5
  • Black-bellied Storm Petrel Fregetta tropica                                    M
    / Black-bellied Storm-petrel1,2,3,5
  • NORTHERN STORM PETRELS HYDROBATIDAE

  • Swinhoe's Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis                           M
    / Swinhoe's Storm-petrel1,2,3,4,5
  • TROPICBIRDS PHAETHONTIDAE

  • White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus                                     M
  • Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus                                       M
  • PELICANS PELECANIDAE

  • Spotted-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis                R
    / Spot-billed Pelican 1,2,3,4,5
  • GANNETS AND BOOBIES SULIDAE

  • Masked Booby Sula dactylatra                                                  M
  • Brown Booby Sula leucogaster                                                 M
  • Red-footed Booby Sula sula                                                      M
  • CORMORANTS AND SHAGS PHALACROCORACIDAE

  • Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger                                                        R
  • Indian Shag Phalacrocorax fuscicollis                                                    R
    / Indian Cormorant2,3,4,5
  • Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo                                                R
  • DARTERS ANHINGIDAE

  • Indian Darter Anhinga melanogaster                                                    R
    / Oriental Darter1,4,5 / Darter2,3
  • FRIGATEBIRDS FREGATIDAE

  • Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel M
  • Great Frigatebird Fregata minor M
  • Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi V
    / Christmas Frigatebird1
  • HERONS AND EGRETS ARDEIDAE

  • Little Egret Egretta garzettaR
  • Indian Reef Heron Egretta gularis M
    / Western Reef-heron1 / Western Reef Egret2,3,4 / Western Reef-egret5
  • Large Egret Egretta albaR
    / Great Egret1,2,3,4 / Great White Egret5
  • Median Egret Egretta intermediaR
    / Intermediate Egret1,2,3,4,5
  • Grey Heron Ardea cinereaR
  • Goliath Heron Ardea goliath V
  • Purple Heron Ardea purpurea R
  • Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus R?+M
    / Eastern Cattle Egret1
  • Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayiiR+M
    / Indian Pond-heron5
  • Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchusV
    / Chinese Pond-heron5
  • Little Green Heron Butorides striata                                                     R
    / Striated Heron1,2,3,4 / Green-backed Heron5
  • Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax                                                         R
    / Black-crowned Night-heron1 /Black-crowned Night Heron2,3,4
  • Malay Bittern Gorsachius melanolophus                                              M
    / Malayan Night-heron1 / Malayan Night Heron2,3,4 / Malay Night-heron5
  • Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis R+M
  • Chestnut Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus R+(M)
    / Cinnamon Bittern2,3,4,5
  • Black Bittern Dupetor flavicollis                                                              R+M
  • Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris                                                        V
    / Great Bittern2,3
  • STORKS CICONIIDAE

  • Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala                                                    R
  • Openbill Anastomus oscitansR
    / Asian Openbill1,2,3,4,5
  • Black Stork Ciconia nigra V
  • White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus R
    / Woolly-necked Stork1,2,3,4/ Asian Woollyneck5
  • White Stork Ciconia ciconia V
  • Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus R
  • Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicusR
  • IBISES AND SPOONBILLS THRESKIORNITHIDAE

  • Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus R+M
  • White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus R
    / Black-headed Ibis1,2,3,4,5
  • Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia R
    / Eurasian Spoonbill1,2,3,4,5
  • FLAMINGOS PHOENICOPTERIDAE

  • Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus M
  • GEESE AND DUCKS ANATIDAE

  • Large Whistling Teal Dendrocygna bicolor R+M
    / Fulvous Whistling-duck1,2,3,4,5
  • Lesser Whistling Teal Dendrocygna javanica R+(M)
    / Lesser Whistling-duck1,2,3,4,5
  • Greylag Goose Anser anser V
  • Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea V
  • Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos R?+M
    / Knob-billed Duck1,2,3/ African Comb Duck5
  • Cotton Teal Nettapus coromandelianus R
    / Cotton Pygmy-goose2,3,4,5
  • Gadwall Mareca streperaV
  • Wigeon Mareca penelope M
    / Eurasian Wigeon1,2,3,4,5
  • Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha R+M
    / Indian Spot-billed Duck1,2,3
  • Shoveller Spatula clypeata M
    / Northern Shoveler1,2,3,4,5
  • Pintail Anas acuta M
    / Northern Pintail1,2,3,4,5
  • Garganey Querquedula querquedulaM
  • Common Teal Anas crecca  M
  • Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula V
  • HAWKS, KITES, EAGLES AND VULTURES ACCIPITRIDAE

  • Brown Baza Aviceda jerdoni R
    / Jerdon’s Baza1
  • Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes V
  • Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus R+M
    / Oriental Honey Buzzard1
  • Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus R
    / Black-shouldered Kite
  • Black Kite Milvus migrans R+(M)
  • Brahminy Kite Haliaster indus R
  • White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster R
  • Grey-headed Fishing Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus  R
    / Grey-headed Fish Eagle1,2,3,4,5
  • Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus V
  • Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela R
  • Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus M
  • Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus M
  • Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos V
  • Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus  M
  • Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus  R
  • Shikra Accipiter badius R
  • Besra Sparrowhawk Accipiter virgatus R
  • Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus V
  • Himalayan Buzzard Buteo burmanicus V?
    / Common Buzzard4
  • Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus  V
  • Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis  R
  • Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga V
  • Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata V
  • Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus  M
  • Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii R
    / Rufous-bellied Eagle1,2,3,4,5
  • Crested Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus R
    / Changeable Hawk-Eagle2,3,4,5
  • Mountain Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus kelaarti  R
    / Legge’s Hawk-eagle1
  • OSPREY PANDIONIDAE

  • Osprey Pandion haliaetus  M
    / Western Osprey1
  • FALCONS FALCONIDAE

  • Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni  V
  • Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus R+M
  • Red-headed Merlin Falco chicquera V
    / Red-headed Falcon1,5/ Red-necked Falcon2,3,4
  • Amur Falcon Falco amurensis M
  • Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo V
  • Indian Hobby Falco severus M
    / Oriental Hobby1,2,3,4,5
  • Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
    Peregrine Falcon F. p. calidus M
    Shaheen Falcon F. c. peregrinator  R
  • PARTRIDGES, QUAILS AND PHEASANTS PHASIANIDAE

  • Painted Partridge Francolinus pictus                                                   R
    / Painted Francolin1,2,3,4,5
  • Indian Grey Partridge Francolinus pondicerianus                         R
    / Grey Francolin1,2,3,4,5
  • Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica                                                        M
  • Blue-breasted Quail Excalfactoria chinensis                                    R
    / King Quail2,3/ Asian Blue Quail5
  • Jungle Bush Quail Perdicula asiatica                                                     R
    / Jungle Bush-quail1,5
  • Ceylon Spurfowl Galloperdix bicalcarata                                           E
    / Sri Lanka Spurfowl2,3,4,5
  • Ceylon Junglefowl Gallus lafayetii                                                          E
    / Sri Lanka Junglefowl2,3,4,5
  • Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus                                                                   R
  • BUTTON QUAILS TURNICIDAE

  • Small Button Quail Turnix sylvaticus                                                    V
    / Small Buttonquail1,2,3,4 / Common Buttonquail5
  • Bustard Quail Turnix suscitator                                                               R
    / Barred Buttonquail1,2,3,4,5
  • RAILS, CRAKES, GALLINULES AND COOTS RALLIDAE

  • Banded Crake Rallina eurizonoides                                                        R+M
    / Slaty-legged Crake1,2,3,4,5
  • Blue-breasted Banded Rail Gallirallus striatus                              R+M
    / Slaty-breasted Rail1,2,3,4,5
  • Eastern Water Rail Rallus indicus                                                          V
    / Brown-cheeked Rail2,3 / Water Rail4  
  • Corn Crake Crex crex                                                                                      V
    / Corncrake3,4,5
  • White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus                   R
  • Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla                                                 M
    / ‘Eastern’ Baillon’s Crake1
  • Ruddy Crake Porzana fusca                                                                        R+M
    / Ruddy-breasted Crake1,2,3,4,5
  • Watercock Gallicrex cinerea                                                                       R
  • Purple Coot Porphyrio [porphyrio] poliocephalus                           R
    / Purple Swamphen1,2,3,4,5
  • Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus                                               R
  • Common Coot Fulica atra                                                                           R+M
    / Eurasian Coot1,2,3
  • JACANAS JACANIDAE

  • Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus                       R+(M)
  • PAINTED SNIPES ROSTRATULIDAE

  • Painted Snipe Rostratula benghalensis                                                R
    / Greater Painted-snipe1,2,3,4,5
  • OYSTERCATCHERS HAEMATOPODIDAE

  • Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus                                 M
    / Eurasian Oystercatcher1,2,3,4,5
  • GOLDEN AND GREY PLOVERS PLUVIALIDAE

  • Asiatic Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva                                                    M
    / Pacific Golden Plover1,2,3,4,5
  • Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola                                                              M
  • PLOVERS CHARADRIIDAE

  • Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula                  M
  • Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius                                              R+M
  • Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus                                             R+M
  • Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus                                          M
    / Mongolian Plover4 / Lesser Sandplover5
  • Large Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii                                      M
    / Greater Sand Plover1,2,3,4,5
  • Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus                                                     V
  • Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus                                                       V
  • Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus                             R
  • Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus                                            V
  • Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus                                                R
  • Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius                                                   V
    / Sociable Plover1
  • SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES SCOLOPACIDAE

  • Woodcock Scolopax rusticola                                                                    M
    / Eurasian Woodcock1,2,3,4,5
  • Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola                                                          V?
  • Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura                                                                M
    / Pin-tailed Snipe2,3
  • Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala                                                        V?
  • Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago                                                       M
  • Great Snipe Gallinago media                                                                      V
  • Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus                                                           M
  • Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa                                                      M
    / Western Black-tailed Godwit1
  • Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica                                                    M
  • Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus                                                 M
    / Eurasian Whimbrel1
  • Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata                                                      M
  • Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus                                                  V
  • Common Redshank Tringa totanus                                                       M
  • Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia                                              M
  • Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis                                                      M
  • Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus                                                         M
  • Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola                                                           M
  • Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus                                                             M
  • Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos                                               M
  • Turnstone Arenaria interpres                                                                    M
    / Ruddy Turnstone1,2,3,4,5
  • Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus                 V
  • Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris                                                                M
  • Red Knot Calidris canutus                                                                            M
  • Sanderling Ereunetes albus                                                                        M
  • Little Stint Ereunetes minuta                                                                     M
  • Red-necked Stint Ereunetes ruficollis                                                   V
    / Rufous-necked Stint1,4
  • Temminck's Stint Ereunetes temminckii                                             M
  • Long-toed Stint Ereunetes subminutus                                 M
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Limicola acuminata                                   V
  • Pectoral Sandpiper Ereunetes melanotos                                          V
  • Dunlin Ereunetes alpinus                                                                              V
  • Curlew Sandpiper Erolia ferruginea                                                     M
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus                      V
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis                           V
  • Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus                                    M
  • Ruff Philomachus pugnax                                                                              M
  • Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus                                      M
  • STILTS AND AVOCETS RECURVIROSTRIDAE

  • Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus                                     R+M
  • Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta                                                                   M
    / Pied Avocet1,2,3,4,5
  • CRAB PLOVER DROMADIDAE

  • Crab Plover Dromas ardeola                                                                      R
    / Crab-plover1,2,3,4,5
  • STONE CURLEWS AND THICK-KNEES BURHINIDAE

  • Indian Stone Curlew Burhinus indicus                                 R
    / Indian Stone-curlew1 / Indian Thick-knee2,3,5 / Eurasian Thick-knee4
  • Great Stone Plover Esacus recurvirostris                                           R
    / Great Thick-knee1,2,3,4,5
  • COURSERS AND PRATINCOLES GLAREOLIDAE

  • Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus                                          R+(M)
  • Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola                                             V
  • Large Pratincole Glareola maldivarum                                                R+M
    / Oriental Pratincole1,2,3,4,5
  • Small Pratincole Glareola lactea                                                             R
    / Little Pratincole5
  • SKUAS AND JAEGERS STERCORARIIDAE

  • Brown Skua Stercorarius antarcticus                                                    V
    / Antarctic Skua4
  • South Polar Skua  Stercorarius maccormicki                                    V
  • Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus                                              M
    / Pomarine Jaeger1,4,5  
  • Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus                                                      V
    / Parasitic Jaeger1,4 / Arctic Jaeger5
  • Long-tailed Skua  Stercorarius longicaudus                                      V
    / Long-tailed Jaeger1,5
  • GULLS LARIDAE

  • Sooty Gull Ichthyaetus hemprichii                                                           V
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
    ‘Heuglin’s’ Gull L. f. heuglini                                                                             M
    ‘Steppe’ Gull L. f. barabensis                                                                                      
  • Great Black-headed Gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus                         M
    / Pallas’s Gull2,3,5
  • Brown-headed Gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus                 M
  • Common Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus        V
    / Black-headed Gull2,3,5
  • Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei                                        M
  • TERNS STERNIDAE

  • Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica                                                 R?+M
  • Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia                                                          R?+M
  • Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis                                    M
  • Large Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii                                                  R
    / Great Crested Tern1,4 / Greater Crested Tern2,3
  • Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis                                              M
  • Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii                                                                   R
  • Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana                                                    V
  • Common Tern Sterna hirundo                                                                   R+M
  • Little Tern Sternula albifrons                                                                     R
  • Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi                                                      R
  • Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus                                                  R+M
  • Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus                                                            R+M
  • Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida                                                      M
  • White-winged Black Tern Chlidonias leucopterus                        M
    / White-winged Tern1,2,3,4,5
  • Black Tern Chlidonias niger                                                                        V
  • Brown Noddy Anous stolidus                                                                     R+M
  • Lesser Noddy Anous tenuirostris                                                              R+M
  • PIGEONS AND DOVES COLUMBIDAE

  • Rock Pigeon Columba livia                                                                          R
    / Common Pigeon2,3 / Rock Dove5
  • Ceylon Wood Pigeon Columba torringtoniae                                   E
    / Ceylon Woodpigeon1 / Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon2,3 / Sri Lanka Woodpigeon4,5
  • Purple Wood Pigeon Columba punicea                                               V
    / Pale-capped Woodpigeon1 / Pale-capped Pigeon2,3,4,5
  • Rufous Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis                                       M
    / Oriental Turtle-dove1,5 / Oriental Turtle Dove2,3,4
  • Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis                                                           R
    / Western Spotted Dove5
  • Red Turtle Dove Streptopelia tranquebarica                                    V
    / Red Collared-dove1 / Red Collared Dove3,4 / Red Turtle-dove5
  • Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto                                                    R
    / Eurasian Collared-dove1,5 / Eurasian Collared Dove2,3,4
  • Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica                                                         R
    / Grey-capped Emerald Dove5
  • Orange-breasted Green Pigeon Treron bicinctus                         R
    / Orange-breasted Green-pigeon1,5
  • Pompadour Green Pigeon Treron pompadora                               E
    / Ceylon Green-pigeon1 / Sri Lanka Green Pigeon2,3,4/ Sri Lanka Green-pigeon5
  • Yellow-legged Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus  R
    / Yellow-footed Green-pigeon1,5 / Yellow-footed Green Pigeon2,3,4
  • Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea                                                  R
    / Green Imperial-pigeon1,5
  • PARROTS PSITTACIDAE

  • Ceylon Lorikeet Loriculus beryllinus                                                     E
    / Ceylon Hanging-parrot1 / Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot2,3,4,5
  • Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria                                        R
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri                                          R
  • Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala                   R
    / Plum-headed Parakeet1,2,3,4,5
  • Layard's Parakeet Psittacula calthropae                                            E
    / Emerald-collared Parakeet5
  • CUCKOOS CUCULIDAE

  • Green-billed Coucal Centropus chlororhynchos                              E
  • Common Coucal Centropus [sinensis] parroti                                    R
    / ‘Southern’ Coucal1,3 / Greater Coucal2,4,5 
  • Sirkeer Taccocua leschenaultii                                                                 R
    / Sirkeer Malkoha1,2,3,4,5
  • Red-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus                  E
  • Blue-faced Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris                         R
  • Red-winged Crested Cuckoo Clamator coromandus                   M
    / Chestnut-winged Cuckoo1,2,3,4,5
  • Pied Crested Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus                                          R
    / Jacobin Cuckoo1,2,3,5 / Pied Cuckoo4
  • Indian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus                                                     R
    / Asian Koel1,2,3 / Western Koel5
  • Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx maculatus                                         V
    / Asian Emerald Cuckoo1,2,3,4,5
  • Bay-banded Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii                                      R
    / Banded Bay Cuckoo1,2,3,4,5
  • Indian Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis passerinus                            M
    / Grey-bellied Cuckoo1,2,3,5/ Plaintive Cuckoo4
  • Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus [lugubris] dicruroides                          R
    / ‘Fork-tailed’ Drongo-cuckoo1,5/ Drongo Cuckoo2,3,4
  • Common Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx varius                                     R+M?
    / Common Hawk-cuckoo1,5/ Common Hawk Cuckoo2,3,4
  • Small Cuckoo Cuculus poliocephalus                                                     M
    / Lesser Cuckoo2,3,4,5
  • Indian Cuckoo Cuculus micropterus                                                       R+M
  • Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus                                                          M
    / Eurasian Cuckoo2,3
  • BARN OWLS AND BAY OWLS TYTONIDAE

  • Barn Owl Tyto alba                                                                                          R
    / Common Barn-owl1,5 
  • Ceylon Bay Owl Phodilus assimilis                                                          R
    / Sri Lanka Bay Owl2,3,5 / Oriental Bay Owl4
  • OWLS STRIGIDAE

  • Serendib Scops Owl Otus thilohoffmanni                                            E
  • Little Scops Owl Otus sunia                                                                        R
    / Oriental Scops-owl1,2,3,4,5 
  • Collared Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena                                 R
    / Indian Scops-owl1,3,5 
  • Forest Eagle-Owl Ketupa nipalensis                                                       R
    / Spot-bellied Eagle Owl2,3,4,5 
  • Brown Fish Owl Ketupa zeylonensis                                                       R
  • Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica                                                R
  • Jungle Owlet Glaucidium radiatum                                                         R
  • Chestnut-backed Owlet Glaucidium castanotum                           E
  • Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata  R
    / Brown Boobook5 
  • Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus                                                               M
  • FROGMOUTHS PODARGIDAE

  • Ceylon Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger                                R
    / Sri Lanka Frogmouth2,3,4,5 

  • NIGHTJARS CAPRIMULGIDAE

  • Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis                                           V
    / Great Eared-nightjar1,5 
  • Grey Nightjar Caprimulgus indicus                                                         R
    / Indian Jungle Nightjar1 / Jungle Nightjar3,5 
  • Long-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus atripennis                                   R
    / Jerdon’s Nightjar1,2,3,4,5 
  • Indian Nightjar Caprimulgus asiaticus                                 R+(M)
    / Indian Little Nightjar1 
  • SWIFTS APODIDAE

  • Edible-nest Swift Aerodramus unicolor                                               R
    / Indian Swiftlet1,2,3,4,5 
  • Brown-throated Spinetail Swift Hirundapus giganteus            R
    / Brown-throated Needletail1  / Brown-backed Needletail2,3,4,5 
  • Palm Swift Cypsiurus balasiensis                                                              R
    / Asian Palm-swift1,5  / Asian Palm Swift2,3,4  
  • Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba                                                           R
  • Pacific Swift Apus pacificus                V
    / Fork-tailed Swift2,3 
  • House Swift Apus affinis                                                                               R
    / Little Swift1,3,4,5  
  • TREESWIFTS HEMPROCNIDAE

  • Crested Tree Swift Hemiprocne coronata                                          R
    / Crested Treeswift1,2,3,5  / Grey-rumped Treeswift4  
  • TROGONS TROGONIDAE

  • Ceylon Trogon Harpactes fasciatus                                                       R
    / Malabar Trogon1,2,3,4 
  • KINGFISHERS ALCEDINIDAE

  • Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis                                                          R
  • Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting                                           U
  • Indian Three-toed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca                                   R
    / Black-backed Dwarf Kingfisher 1 
    / Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher2,3,4,5 
  • Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis                                  R
  • White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis                            R
    / White-throated Kingfisher1,2,3,4 
  • Black-capped Purple Kingfisher Halcyon pileata                         M
    / Black-capped Kingfisher1,2,3,4,5 
  • Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis                                                                       R
    / Lesser Pied Kingfisher 1 
  • BEE-EATERS MEROPIDAE

  • Little Green Bee-eater Merops orientalis                                           R
    / Green Bee-eater2,3  / Asian Green Bee-eater 5 
  • Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus                                         R+M
  • European Bee-eater Merops apiaster                                                   M
  • Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaulti                          R
  • ROLLERS CORCIIDAE

  • European Roller Coracias garrulus                                                       V
    / Eurasian Roller3 
  • Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis                                                      R
  • Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus orientalis                                        R
    / Dollarbird1,2,3,4  / Oriental Dollarbird 5 
  • HOOPOES UPUPIDAE

  • Hoopoe Upupa epops                                                                                     R+(M)
    / Common Hoopoe1,2,3,5  / Eurasian Hoopoe 4  
  • HORNBILLS BUCEROTIDAE

  • Ceylon Grey Hornbill Ocyceros gingalensis                                      E
    / Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill2,3,4,5 
  • Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus                          R
  • BARBETS MEGALAIMIDAE

  • Brown-headed Barbet Megalaima zeylanica                                   R
  • Yellow-fronted Barbet Megalaima flavifrons                                  E
  • Ceylon Small Barbet Xantholaema rubricapillus                            E
    / Crimson-fronted Barbet2,3  / Sri Lanka Small Barbet 4 
    / Sri Lanka Barbet5 
  • Crimson-breasted Barbet Xantholaema haemacephalus          R
    / Coppersmith Barbet1,2,3,4,5 
  • WOODPECKERS PICIDAE

  • Wryneck Jynx torquilla                                                                                  V
    / Eurasian Wryneck1,2,3,4,5 
  • Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos nanus                                           R
    / Indian Pygmy Woodpecker1,5 
    / Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker2,3  
    / Brown-capped Woodpecker4 
  • Yellow-fronted Pied Woodpecker Dendrocopos mahrattensis
    / Yellow-crowned Woodpecker2,3,4,5                                                             R
  • Rufous Woodpecker Micropternus brachyurus                               R
  • Lesser Yellow-naped Woodpecker Picus chlorolophus             R
    / Lesser Yellownape1,2,3,4,5 
  • Scaly-bellied Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus                          R
    / Streak-throated Woodpecker1,2,3,4,5 
  • Golden-backed Woodpecker Dinopium benghalense R
    / Black-rumped Flameback1,4,5   / Lesser Goldenback 2,3 
  • Red-backed Woodpecker Dinopium psarodes                                E
    / Black-rumped Flameback1,4  / Lesser Goldenback 2,3 
    / Lesser Sri Lanka Flameback5 
  • Crimson-backed Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes stricklandi       E
    / Crimson-backed Flameback1  / Crimson-backed Goldenback2,3  
    / Greater Sri Lanka Flameback 5 
  • Black-backed Yellow Woodpecker Chrysocolaptes festivus
    / White-naped Flameback1  / White-naped Woodpecker2,3,4,5          R
  • PITTAS PITTIDAE

  • Indian Pitta Pitta brachyura                                                                       M
  • LARKS ALAUDIDAE

  • Jerdon’s Bushlark Mirafra affinis                                                            R
  • Ashy-crowned Finch-Lark Eremopterix  griseus                            R
    / Ashy-crowned Sparrow Lark2,3,4,5
  • Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla                   V  
  • Indian Skylark Alauda gulgula R
    / Oriental Skylark1,2,3,4,5
  • SWALLOWS AND MARTINS HIRUNDINIDAE

  • Sand Martin Riparia riparia                                                                       V
    / Common Sand Martin1 / Collared Sand Martin5
  • Dusky Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne concolor                                      V
  • Common Swallow Hirundo rustica
    Common Swallow H. r. rustica                                                                     M
    Common Swallow H. r. gutturalis                                                               M
    Tytler’s Swallow H. r. tytleri                                                                          V
    / Barn Swallow1,2,3,4,5
  • Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola                                                                R
    / House Swallow5
  • Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii                                                   V
  • Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica                                             M
  • Ceylon Swallow Cecropis hyperythra                                                   E
    / Sri Lanka Swallow2,3,4,5
  • Indian Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon fluvicola                                    V
    / Streak-throated Swallow1,2,3,4,5
  • Northern House Martin Delichon urbicum                                       V
    / Common House Martin2.3
  • PIPITS AND WAGTAILS MOTACILLIDAE

  • Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus                                                M
  • White Wagtail Motacilla alba                                   
    White-faced Wagtail M. a. dukhunensis                                    M
    Chinese Wagtail M. a. leucopsis                                                                    V
  • Large Pied Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis                               V
    / White-browed Wagtail1,2,3,4,5
  • Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola                                                          M
  • Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava                                                
    Grey-headed Yellow Wagtail M. f. thunbergi                                          M
    Blue-headed Yellow Wagtail M. f. beema                                 M
    Yellow-headed Yellow Wagtail M. f. lutea                                               M
    Black-headed Yellow Wagtail M. f. feldegg/melanogrisea              V
    / Western Yellow Wagtail1,5
  • Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea                                                                M
  • Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi                                                                M
  • Indian Pipit Anthus rufulus                                                                         R
    / Paddyfield Pipit1,2,3,4,5
  • Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris                                                                V
  • Blyth's Pipit Anthus godlewskii                                                                M
  • Indian Tree Pipit Anthus hodgsoni                                                         V
    / Olive-backed Pipit1,2,3,4,5
  • Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus                                                      V
  • CUCKOO-SHRIKES AND MINIVETS CAMPEPHAGIDAE

  • Large Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina macei                                                  R
    / Large Cuckooshrike1,2,3,4 / Indian Cuckooshrike5
  • Black-headed Cuckoo-Shrike Lalage melanoptera                      R
    / Black-headed Cuckooshrike1,2,3,4
  • Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus                                          R
  • Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus                                               R
    / Scarlet Minivet2,5 / Flame Minivet4
  • FLYCATCHER-SHRIKE AND WOODSHRIKES VANGIDAE

  • Pied Flycatcher-Shrike Hemipus picatus                                            R
    / Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike2,3,4,5
  • Ceylon Wood Shrike Tephrodornis affinis                                          E
    / Ceylon Woodshrike1 / Sri Lanka Woodshrike2,3,4,5
  • MONARCHS MONARCHIDAE

  • Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
    Indian Paradise Flycatcher T. p. paradisi                                                M
    Ceylon Paradise Flycatcher T. p. ceylonensis                                         R
    / Indian Paradise-flycatcher5                                                             
  • Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea                                        R
    / Black-naped Blue Monarch1
  • FANTAILS RHIPIDURIDAE

  • White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola                                          R
  • BULBULS PYCNONOTIDAE

  • Black-capped Bulbul Pycnonotus melanicterus                              E
    / Black-headed Yellow Bulbul4
  • Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer                                                    R
  • Yellow-eared Bulbul Kelaartia penicillata                                        E
  • White-browed Bulbul Pycnonotus luteolus                                       R
  • Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica                                              R
  • Black Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa                                                            R
    / Square-tailed Black Bulbul1 / Square-tailed Bulbul5
  • CANARY-FLYCATCHERS AND ALLIES STENOSTRIDAE

  • Grey-headed Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis                             R
    / Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher1,2,3,4,5
  • IORAS AEGITHINIDAE

  • Common Iora Aegithina tiphia                                                  R
  • Marshall’s Iora Aegithina nigrolutea                                                     R
  • LEAFBIRDS CHLOROPSEIDAE

  • Gold-fronted Chloropsis Chloropsis aurifrons                                R
    / Gold-fronted Leafbird1 / Golden-fronted Leafbird2,3,4,5
  • Jerdon's Chloropsis Chloropsis jerdoni                                               R
    / Jerdon's Leafbird1,2,3,5
  • SHRIKES LANIIDAE

  • Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus
    Brown Shrike L. c. cristatus  M
    Philippine Shrike L. c. lucionensis  V
  • Bay-backed Shrike Lanius vittatus  V
  • Rufous-rumped Shrike Lanius schachR
    / Long-tailed Shrike1,2,3,5 / Rufous-backed Shrike4
  • Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor V
    / Southern Grey Shrike2,3,4
  • THRUSHES TURDIDAE

  • Pied Ground Thrush Geokichla wardii                                 M
    / Pied Thrush1,2,3,4,5
  • Orange-headed Ground Thrush Geokichla citrina                       M
    / Orange-headed Thrush1,2,3,4,5
  • Spotted-winged Thrush Geokichla spiloptera                 E
    / Spot-winged Thrush1,2,3,4,5
  • Ceylon Scaly Thrush Zoothera imbricata                                           E
    / Sri Lanka Thrush2,3 / Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush4
    / White’s Thrush5
  • Blackbird Turdus simillimus                                                                       R
    / Indian Blackbird1,2,3,5/ Eurasian Blackbird4
  • Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus                                                    V
  • OLD-WORLD FLYCATCHERS AND CHATS MUSCICAPIDAE
    FLYCATCHERS 

  • Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa latirostris                                              M
    / Asian Brown Flycatcher1,2,3,4,5
  • Layard’s Flycatcher Muscicapa muttui                                                M
    / Brown-breasted Flycatcher1,2,3,4,5
  • Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Ficedula zanthopygia                        V
  • Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra                                                M
  • Dusky-blue Flycatcher Eumyias sordidus                                          E
    / Dull-blue Flycatcher2,3,4,5
  • Blue-throated Flycatcher Cyornis rubeculoides                             V
    / Blue-throated Blue-flycatcher5
  • Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae                                      R
  • Blue-and-White Flycatcher Cyanoptila cyanomelana V
  • WHISTLING & ROCK THRUSHES, ROBINS AND CHATS  

  • Ceylon Whistling Thrush Myophonus blighi                                    E
    / Ceylon Whistling-thrush1/ Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush2,3,4,5
  • Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis                             V
  • Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius                                                M
  • Bluethroat Luscinia svecica                                                                       V
  • Indian Blue Chat Larvivora brunnea                                                     M
    / Indian Blue Robin1,2,3,4,5
  • Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes                    V
  • Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis                                                           R
    / Oriental Magpie-robin1,2,3,4,5
  • White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus                               R
  • Black Robin Copsychus fulicatus                                                              R
    / Indian Black Robin1 / Indian Robin2,3,5
    / Black-backed Robin4
  • Siberian Stonechat Saxicola maurus                                                    V
    / Common Stonechat2,3,5
  • Whinchat Saxicola rubetra                                                                          V
  • Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata                                                               R
  • Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka                                                    V
  • Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti                                                        V
  • Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina                                           V
  • BABBLERS TIMALIIDAE

  • Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush Garrulax cinereifrons                E
    / Ashy-headed Laughingthrush1,2,3,4,5
  • Brown-capped Babbler Pellorneum fuscocapillus                         E
  • Ceylon Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus melanurus                      E
    / Sri Lanka Scimitar-babbler2,3,4,5
  • White-throated Babbler Dumetia hyperythra                 R
    / Tawny-bellied Babbler1,2,3,4,5
  • Black-fronted Babbler Rhopocichla atriceps                                   R
    / Dark-fronted Babbler1,2,3,4,5
  • Rufous Babbler Turdoides rufescens                                                     E
    / Ceylon Rufous Babbler1 / Orange-billed Babbler2,3,4,5
  • Southern Common Babbler Turdoides affinis                 R
    / Yellow-billed Babbler1,2,3,4,5
  • GRASS BABBLERS AND ALLIES PARADOXOMITHIDAE

  • Yellow-eyed Babbler Chrysomma sinense                                         R
  • WHITE-EYES AND ALLIES ZOSTEROPIDAE

  • Ceylon Hill White-eye Zosterops ceylonensis                                   E
    / Ceylon White-eye1 / Sri Lanka White-eye2,3,4,5
  • Small White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus                                              R
    / Oriental White-eye1,2,3,4,5
  • CISTICOLAS, PRINIAS AND TAILORBIRDS CISTICOLIDAE

  • Streaked Fantail Warbler Cisticola juncidis                                     R
    / Zitting Cisticola1,2,3,4,5
  • Franklin’s Prinia Prinia hodgsonii                                                          R
    / Grey-breasted Prinia1,2,3,4,5
  • Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis                                                                           R
  • Large Prinia Prinia sylvatica                                                                      R
    / Jungle Prinia1,2,3,4,5
  • White-browed Prinia Prinia inornata                                  R
    / Plain Prinia1,2,3,4,5
  • Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius                                          R
  • GRASSHOPPER-WARBLERS AND BUSH-WARBLERS LOCUSTELLIDAE

  • Ceylon Warbler Elaphrornis palliseri                                                    E
    / Sri Lanka Bush-warbler1,2,3,4 / Sri Lanka Warbler5
  • Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata                                     V
  • Common Grasshopper Warbler Locustella naevia                      V
    / Grasshopper Warbler1,2,3 / Common Grasshopper-warbler5
  • Pallas’s Grasshopper Warbler Locustella certhiola                    M
    / Rusty-rumped Warbler1,2,3
  • Broad-tailed Grass Warbler Schoenicola platyurus                    U
    / Indian Broad-tailed Grass-warbler1 / Broad-tailed Grassbird 2,3,4,5
  • REED-WARBLERS AND ALLIES ACROCEPHALIDAE

  • Blyth’s Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum                           M
  • Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus [stentoreus] brunnescens R
    / Indian Reed-warbler1
  • Sykes’s Warbler Iduna rama                                                                     M
    / Booted Warbler4
  • Booted Warbler Iduna caligata                                                               V
  • LEAF-WARBLERS PHYLLOSCOPIDAE

  • Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus                                                  V
  • Greenish Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus trochiloides                          V
    / Greenish Warbler1,2,3,4,5
  • Green Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus                                           M
    / Bright-green Warbler1,4 / Green Warbler2,3,5
  • Large-billed Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus magnirostris                M
  • Western Crowned Warbler Phylloscopus occipitalis                   V
    / Western Crowned Leaf-warbler5
  •  SYLVIID WARBLERS SYLVIIDAE

  • Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca                                                        V
  • Desert Whitethroat Sylvia minula                                                         V
    / Lesser Whitethroat4,5
  • Hume’s Whitethroat Sylvia althaea                                                      M
    / Lesser Whitethroat4,5
  • TITMICE PARIDAE

  • Grey Tit Parus cinereus                                                                 R
    / Cinereous Tit1 / Great Tit2,3,4,5
  • NUTHATCHES SITTIDAE

  • Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis                                              R
  • FLOWERPECKERS DICAEIDAE

  • Thick-billed Flowerpecker Pachyglossa agilis                               R
  • Legge’s Flowerpecker Pachyglossa vincens                                      E
    / White-throated Flowerpecker4,5
  • Tickell’s Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos                       R
    / Pale-billed Flowerpecker1,2,3,4,5
  • SUNBIRDS AND ALLIES NECTARINIIDAE

  • Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica                               R
  • Purple Sunbird Cynnyris asiaticus                                                          R
  • Loten’s Sunbird Cynnyris lotenius                                                           R
    / Long-billed Sunbird4
  • BUNTINGS EMBERIZIDAE

  • Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani                                      V
  • Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala                          V
  • Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps                                          V
  • FINCHES FRINGILLIDAE

  • Common Rosefinch Erythrina erythrina                                             V
  • WAXBILLS ESTRILDIDAE

  • White-throated Munia Euodice malabarica                                     R
    / Indian Silverbill1,2,3,5 / White-throated Silverbill4
  • White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata                                              R
  • Ceylon Hill Munia Lonchura kelaarti                                                    R
    / Black-throated Munia1,2,3,4,5
  • Spotted Munia Lonchura punctulata                                                     R
    / Scaly-breasted Munia1,2,3,4,5
  • Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca                                            R
    / Tricoloured Munia1,5
  • OLD-WORLD SPARROWS PASSERIDAE

  • House Sparrow Passer domesticus                                                         R
  • Yellow-throated Sparrow Gymnoris xanthocollis                         V
    / Chestnut-shouldered Petronia2,3,4
    / Chestnut-shouldered Bush-sparrow5
  • WEAVERS PLOCEIDAE

  • Striated Weaver Ploceus manyar                                                            R
    / Streaked Weaver1,2,3,4,5
  • Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus                                                             R
  • STARLINGS AND MYNAS STURNIDAE

  • Ceylon White-headed Starling Sturnornis albofrontatus          E
    / White-faced Starling1,2,3,4,5
  • Grey-headed Starling Sturnia malabarica                                         V
    / Chestnut-tailed Starling2,3,4,5
  • Daurian Starling Agropsar sturninus                                    V
    / Purple-backed Starling4,5
  • Brahminy Myna Sturnia pagodarum                                                     M
    / Brahminy Starling1,2,3,4,5
  • Rosy Starling Pastor roseus                                                                        M
  • Common Myna Acridotheres tristis                                                         R
  • Ceylon Hill Myna Gracula ptilogenys                                                    E
    / Ceylon Hill-myna1 / Sri Lanka Hill Myna2,3,5
    / Sri Lanka Myna4
  • Common Hill Myna Gracula indica                                                        R
    / Lesser Hill-myna1/ Lesser Hill Myna2,3,4
    / Southern Hill-myna1
  • ORIOLES ORIOLIDAE

  • European Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus                                            V
    / Eurasian Golden Oriole3,5
  • Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo                                                   M
  • Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis                                                   V
  • Black-headed Oriole Oriolus xanthornus                                            R+(M)
    / Black-hooded Oriole1,2,3,4,5
  • FAIRY BLUEBIRDS IRENIDAE

  • Fairy Bluebird Irena puella                                                                        U
    / Asian Fairy-bluebird1,2,3,4,5
  • DRONGOS DICRURIDAE

  • Black Drongo Edolius macrocercus                                                       R+M
  • Grey Drongo Edolius leucophaeus                                                          M
    / Ashy Drongo1,2,3,5
  • White-bellied Drongo Edolius caerulescens      
    White-bellied Drongo E. c. insularis                                                           R
    White-vented Drongo E. c. leucopygialis                                                            
  • Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus                                       R
    / Greater Racket-tailed Drongo1,2,3,4,5
  • Ceylon Crested Drongo Dicrurus lophorinus                                   E
    / Sri Lanka Drongo2,3,5 / Sri Lanka Crested Drongo4
  • WOODSWALLOWS ARTAMIDAE

  • Ashy Swallow-Shrike Artamus fuscus                                                  R
    / Ashy Woodswallow1,2,3,4,5
  • CROWS, MAGPIES AND ALLIES CORVIDAE

  • Ceylon Blue Magpie Urocissa ornata                                                    E
    / Sri Lanka Blue Magpie2,3,4,5
  • House Crow Corvus splendens                                                                   R
  • Jungle Crow Corvus [macrorhyncos] culminatus                              R
    / Indian Jungle Crow1,3 / Large-billed Crow2,4,5

Citation:

Ceylon Bird Club. 2020. Sri Lanka List (Country List) of bird species. Version 2. http://www.ceylonbirdclub.org


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